Nitraria billardierei – Nitre Bush

This bush food plant is found throughout Australia, primarily in very saline areas, both inland and coastal. Likes clay and loamy soils and is also found in overgrazed areas, so could be useful to regenerate such areas. It is a low spreading shrub, bearing white flowers in spring which then mature into the edible red fruits. These fruits taste apparently like salty grapes, they could make a great and interesting addition to savoury dishes! They can also be dried or made into jams.

Picture provided by Philip Clarke, from his new book Discovering Aboriginal Plant Use: Journeys of an Australian Anthropologist

Family : Nitrariaceae
Cultivar Name:
Plant Type : Small shrub, Large shrub
Width : 4
Flowering Time : Spring
Soil Type : Clay, Loamy, Clay loam, Saline
Climate Zone : Warm temperate, Cool temperate, Mediterranean, Semi-arid
Growth Habit : Evergreen, Dense foliage, Spreading
Soil Moisture : Well-drained
Special Uses : Edible, Erosion control
Scientific Name: Nitraria billardierei
Common Name : Nitre Bush
Height : 2
Flower Color : White
pH Level : Neutral
Plant Environment : Low maintenance garden, Container growing, Coastal garden, Drought resistant
Light : Sunny
Lifespan : Perennial
Frost Tolerance : Tolerates light frost
Attracts Wildlife : Seed eating birds